Image Bank

Hartlepool

Air Raid Shelter

An Anderson shelter, which was made of corrugated iron

The shipyards and steelworks located at Hartlepool made it a target for enemy air raids during the Second World War. Between June 1940 and March 1943 the town suffered forty-three raids and seventy people were killed.

Many more may have died had it not been for Air Raid shelters. This photograph shows an Anderson shelter, which was made of corrugated iron. The shelters were partly buried in the garden and earth piled on top. They tended to be cold and damp and some people chose to take the risk of staying indoors, rather than spend the night in a shelter.

Families who were not lucky enough to have a garden could use large communal shelters. Others had a Morrison shelter, which was a kind of metal cage usually placed in the living room or kitchen. They took up so much space they were often used as a table when not needed as a shelter.

Activity: Connections

Look at the picture and read, listen to, or print the story.

Now think about how any of the pictures might connect, save the Connections Write Sheet and use your imagination to explain how you think they could connect.

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